Bakelite was the first fibre reinforced plastic Leo Baekeland had originally set out to find a replacement for shellac (made from the excretion of lac beetles) Chemists had begun to recognize that many natural resins and fibres were polymers, and Baekeland investigated the reactions of phenol and formaldehyde He first

Moisture absorption of natural fiber plastic composites is one major concern in their outdoor applications Traditionally diffusion theory is applied to understand the mechanism of moisture absorption but it cannot address the relationship between the microscopic structure infinite D network and the moisture absorption.

Dec , Plants, such as flax, cotton, hemp, jute, sisal, kenaf, coir, pineapple, ramie, bamboo, banana, as well as wood, are a source of lignocellulosic fibers Their availability, renewability, low density and price as well as satisfactory mechanical properties make them attractive reinforcing fibers in the manufacture of

Mar , Natural fiber reinforced polymers provide a new route to cost effective, environmentally friendly composite plastics for industry.

Aug , On the other hand, some researchers studied and compared between different natural fiber composites and their stability in various applications [] Al Oqla and Sapuan [] investigated the properties of jute plastic composites such as crystallinity, fiber modification, thermal stability, weathering resistance,

Introduction Interest in NFCs is growing for many reasons including their potential to replace synthetic fibre reinforced plastics at lower cost with improved sustainability their advantages and disadvantages are summarised in Table [] Table Advantages and disadvantages of NFCs [ ].

These materials are compounds of polymer and either wood flour or natural fibers from long leaf plants Polymers formulated with wood and fibers include PVC, PP and nylon, among others Products produced from these formulations, such as decks and siding, are said to combine the functionality of plastics with the

Book Title Natural Fibers, Plastics and Composites Editors Frederick T Wallenberger Norman Weston Copyright Publisher Springer US Copyright Holder Springer Science Business Media Dordrecht eBook ISBN DOI Hardcover ISBN

In these times of continuous increases in the price of crude oil and discussion of carbon dioxide (CO) emissions, conventional plastics have reached a price level and a questionable image which promotes the search of alternatives Natural fibers are a renewable natural resource and are biodegradable, which is an

natural fibers with thermoplastics [Sanadi et al a,b,c] Since prices for plastics have risen sharply over the past few years, adding a natural powder or fiber to plastics provides a cost reduction to the plastic industry (and in some cases increases performance as well) but to the agro based industry, this represents an

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